Practical issues of organizing the educational process in the mode of the project method
Tighten your brains: 10 facts about how our brains learnWe take the ability to learn for granted. But our brain is an amazingly complex instrument, and scientists still have a very rough understanding of how it works.
1. The brain is not like a computer
People tend to draw parallels, and at different times the work of consciousness has been compared with advanced technologies: for example, when humanity invented hydraulics (somewhere in the 3rd century BC), the theory that different fluids affect thinking and mood became popular. - blood, phlegm, bile and black bile, or melancholy (hence the division into four types of temperament). In the middle of the 19th century, the brain began to be compared to the newly invented telegraph, and now many scientists use the analogy with a computer. But it is, to put it mildly, inaccurate. We do not encode information into bits and do not store words, rules, numbers and pictures in a fixed form in our memory (people with eidetic memory, of course, are more like walking flash drives, but their thinking and memorization mechanisms are very different from computer ones).
2. There is a special reading area in the brain
It is responsible for recognizing written words, and this is strange, because from the point of view of evolutionary mechanisms, we learned to read only recently - several thousand years ago. To develop this zone you need to not only read but also write a lot of written works. For this there are biography writing services that can assist in writing. So you can train this special area. It should have taken much more time to "decorate" such a zone, so there is an opinion that initially it appeared for something else (for example, recognizing complex objects in general), and then adapted for reading. Interestingly, in young children, it is also formed before the need to read arises - as oral speech develops.
3. Knowledge and skills are remembered in different ways
You may have noticed that forgetting to solve a quadratic equation is much easier than not learning how to swim. And all because theoretical knowledge and practical skills are fixed in memory in different ways - the latter affect more ancient parts of the brain (they are associated with reactions to visual stimuli, coordination of movements and automatic reflexes - for example, covering your head with your hands if a volleyball is flying at it ). When memorizing skills, these areas work in team with other departments, and this is how a very stable connection is formed. And for abstract knowledge, declarative memory is responsible, which is controlled by only one area - the cerebral cortex. Therefore, everything that is studied in the lessons of mathematics, history, literature and in the framework of other theoretical subjects can eventually be forgotten if this knowledge is not used regularly. You can also forget how to write an essay. But there is an essay help resource that will not let you do this. Since it will help hone your writing skills.
4. Long-term memory is replenished during sleep
Already unstable theoretical knowledge can be lost even faster if cramming at night - lack of sleep reduces the ability to assimilate information by almost 40%. Scientists suggest that it is during sleep that the new and important that we have recently learned is fixed in long-term memory.
5. The brain has 2.5 petabytes of storage
That's roughly 3 million hours of TV series.
6. Finger movements affect mental development
Parents are always advised to develop fine motor skills in a child, and this is no coincidence - it is associated with the nervous system, vision, attention, memory, perception and even speech - the speech and motor centers in the brain are located very close to each other. So while the baby is sculpting a dog from plasticine, signals from the motor center also activate neighboring areas, helping to develop mental abilities.
7. Being bilingual isn't just cool because you know two languages
Seven-year-olds growing up in a bilingual environment outperform their peers on attention tasks. Research shows that bilinguals are better at both empathy, image recognition, and switching between different kinds of tasks.
8. Emotions help us learn
The so-called reward system is responsible for reinforcing useful behavior. Roughly speaking, it works according to the principle of "carrot and stick" - those actions that we associate with negative emotions, we further avoid, and those that lead to some "goodies" turn into habits. Unfortunately, in this way, the brain is trained to do very different things - the same mechanism that stimulates a student to be an excellent student for the sake of praise or a sense of superiority over peers can make him get hooked on video games (the pleasure of playing for some people begins to interrupt the pleasures of real life) ...
9. You can not "pump" the left and right hemispheres separately
And in general, the division into "rational" and "creative" halves greatly simplifies the picture - in fact, the hemispheres constantly communicate with each other, and any complex behavior affects different parts of the brain.
10. We better absorb the "mix" of different types of information
Better than highly specialized knowledge. Psychologist from the University of California at Los Angeles, Bob Bjork, conducted experiments that proved that consolidating old knowledge mixed with learning new ones allows you to better master the subject (even if intuitively most people think that it is more useful to cram the same thing all the way). Perhaps this is because in everyday life we are constantly embedding new information into the already familiar picture of the world.